Submission Guiding Principles

Following the initiatives of different scholarly regulatory organizations (such as Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and American Medical Association (AMA)) which have made painstaking attempts to identify and set standards for publication misconduct have created a new era in the domain of scholarly publishing.

Openventio values the efforts of the aforementioned reputed scholarly organizations and aims to commit to the maintenance of the highest scientific and ethical standards by adhering to and following the best publishing practices.

With the objective to maintain the integrity of our publications, Openventio pledges the following general guiding principles;

• Committing to academic freedom, and the right to publish;

• Maintaining the high standards and quality of research by committing to scientific openness, integrity and ethics;

• Promoting recognized best practices and standards in research across multiple disciplines, and adopting and creating awareness on emerging practices and standards;

• Publish novel models, and promote advocacy, education and innovative content;

• Effective dissemination of research results, and advancing the trends of publishing technology.

Manuscript Categories & Formats

Manuscript Categories

Research-basedReview-basedCase-basedShort type

Original Research

Brief Research Report

Research Protocols

Research Clinical Trials Protocol

Research letter

Observational Study

Retrospective Study

Technical Report

Conference Proceedings


Book Review

Mini Review

Systematic Review

Literature Review

Scoping Review

Narrative Review

Case Report

Case Series

Case Study

Letter to the Editor (related to case study/series)

Case Illustration


Special Editorial

Opposite to the Editorial

Letter to the Editor





Short Communication



*Kindly refer to Summary of Manuscript Types and Formats below for details on abstract, manuscript length, number of figures, and tables.

Manuscript Formats

Original Research

• Main body of the text should be separated using subheadings (e.g., “Materials and Methods,” “Results,” and “Discussion”).
• Should be supported by a significant and relevant amount of data.
• Data should have been developed by the author(s) and the conclusions must comply with the presented data.
• Relevant illustrations, charts, and tables must be included.

Brief Research Report

• Format of manuscript preparation is similar to that of original research.
• Research that is in the early stages of development or those conducted on a small scale.
• These may include preliminary studies that utilize a simple research design or a small sample size, and that have generated limited pilot data and initial findings that indicate the need for further investigation.

Research Protocols

• Project summary/abstract is a must.
• General information such as the Protocol title, protocol identifying number and date, Name and address of the sponsor/funder, Name and title of the investigator conducting the research, name, address, and telephone number(s) of the research site(s), clinical laboratory, medical and/or technical department(s) and/or institutions involved in the research, as well as responsibilities of each of the investigators.
• Background information and significance, objective, study design, methods, safety considerations, follow-up, data management, statistics, quality assurance, expected outcome, results, duration, ethics, and consent should be included.

Research Clinical Trial Protocol

• Similar format to that of the research protocol.
• However, the protocol for the trial must follow the ICH Good Clinical Practice guidelines.

Research Letter

• Letters reporting cases, outbreaks, or original research.
• Authors should provide a short abstract, references, and a short biographical sketch; however, it must not be divided into sections.

Observational Study

• Format of manuscript preparation is similar to that of original research.
• Relevant illustrations, charts, and tables must be included.
• Statistics and conclusions must comply with the research data used.
• Participants must be pre-informed about the research study.


• Topic should be of interest to a wide readership.
• Topic should be discussed in an understandable and lucid language.
• An abstract must be included.
• Figures and tables must be included where necessary.
• Should not contain original data.
• Significant number of references should be used and cited.

Book Review

• Format of manuscript preparation is similar to that of a review manuscript.
• Recently published book reviews on subjects significant to the journal are welcome.
• The title, author(s), publisher, number of pages, ISBN number (if applicable), and other relevant details should be included.

Mini Review

• Format of manuscript preparation is similar to that of the review manuscript.
• Topic should be discussed in an understandable and lucid language.
• Figures and tables must be included where necessary.
• Should not contain original data.
• Significant number of references should be used and cited.

Systematic Review

• It should be structured in the following format: structured abstract, introduction, methods/materials, conclusion, and discussion.
• Materials and methods should also include inclusion and exclusion criteria, keywords used, identification of studies, study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment.
• In data analysis, statistical tools used should be mentioned along with their names and version supported by a table of comparisons.

Case Report

• Unstructured abstract must be included.
• Subheadings are recommended (eg. abstract, overview, case report, discussion, conclusion, competing interests, consent, references).
• The report must provide an original description of a previously unreported entity or report a new presentation of a known disease.
• Must be accompanied by clinical, radiological, and pathological images.
• Images may include clinical images, radiology images (USG, CT, MRI, PET, and SPECT, etc.), pathology images (histopathology, cytopathology, hematopathology), or a series of images of a clinical procedure or event.
• Should include a consent statement from the patient.

Case Series

• Unstructured abstract must be included.
• Subheadings are recommended (eg. abstract, overview, case series, discussion, conclusion, competing interests, consent, references).
• Should report a series of similar cases.
• Case series must be accompanied by a comprehensive review of the literature.

Technical Report

• Should describe a particular technology, surgical techniques, new instruments, technical innovations, and their applications.
• Must contain original data to support the development of related technology or application.

Letter to the Editor

• Can be in support of a research or case report.
• Should support, refute, or add pertinent information related to a previously published manuscript.
• Authors may also send letters to amend their previous work.
• The letter should not be divided into sections.


• Typically shorter than two pages.
• Must be precise and should attempt to conclude all the arguments made at the beginning of the text, without separating the editorial into sections.


• Discussions, and critical suggestions on current topics.
• Although no abstract, figures, or tables are required, references can be included.
• It can be the author’s suggestion, the reviewer’s recommendation, or the reader’s comments.


• Should be written in clear and concise language along with a structured abstract
• Statements made by the researchers must be clearly mentioned at the beginning of the manuscript.
• The hypothesis must be testable and realistic.
• Must be verifiable by statistical and analytical means, to support the verification or falsification of the reported findings.


• Opinion on ongoing or published research, matters of public welfare or social interest, can be included depending upon the scope of the journal.
• Following a particular format is not required.


• Similar to opinion.
• If detailed methods are included, a separate section on experimental procedures should immediately follow the body of the text.

Short Communication

• Includes new ideas, controversial opinions, negative results, and suggestions.
• The subject must be original and scientifically significant.


• Can be used to communicate errors that need to be appended to a book or published manuscript.
• A statement addressing the error and its correction should be included.


• Can include clinical images, diagnostic or investigative images in radiology, endoscopy, pathology, and cytopathology.
• A brief history, case discussion, and conclusion should be included.

Conference Proceedings

• Papers presented at a conference are usually accepted.
• Illustrations, references, and links to full reports of the conference activities must be provided.
• The paper must not have been published elsewhere as a research manuscript.


• Announcements for conferences, workshops, meetings, seminars, symposia, courses, research, or technical assistance.
• Date of the event, the location, the sponsoring organization(s), and the website providing detailed information must be provided.
• Must be accompanied by the name, address, and email of the contact person.

Summary of Manuscript Types and Formats

Type of ArticleAbstract (max. length)Abstract  (Structured/Unstructured)Minimum Figures and/or tables (combined)Manuscript Length
Original Research300 wordsStructured45000 words (No limitation)
Book ReviewNANAMay/may not include2500 words
Case Report250 wordsUnstructured22500 words
EditorialNANANA500-1000 words
Review300 wordsStructured42500 words
CommentaryNANA1500-1000 words
Hypothesis300 wordsStructured22500 words
Mini ReviewNANA21500-2000 words
OpinionNot Required 11500-2000 words
Research Protocol300 wordsStructured42000 words
Perspective ArticleNANA25000 words
TechnicaI report300 wordsStructured33000 words
Brief Research Report250 wordsStructured42000-2500 words
Research Clinical Trial Protocol300 wordsStructured23500-4000 words
Research LetterNANA21200-1800 words
Systematic Review300 wordsStructured42500 words
Short Communication250-300 wordsUnstructuredMay/may not include1500-2000 words
Letter to the EditorNANAMay/may not include500-1000 words
Conference Proceedings250-300 wordsStructuredMay/may not include500-1000 words
ErrataNANAMay/may not include500-800 words
IllustrationsNANAMay/may not include800-1200 words
Observational Study250-300 wordsStructured23000 words
*Note. Any observationa l study or research related article should include a structured abstract of 300 words.
** Note. The word limit for any unstructured abstract should be 150 words.
***Note. The manuscript lengt h may vary as per the editors or reviewers demand during peer-review processing.

Manuscript Preparation

Title and Subtitle

The title should contain no more than 25-28 words. Kindly avoid abbreviations and formulae wherever possible. Subtitles should be separated from the title by a “:”. Manuscript length may vary according to its type (refer Manuscript Formats section).


Extensive use of footnotes is discouraged. Footnotes should be confined to providing URLs, affiliations, or other truly peripheral information, and should not be used for discussions, figures, tables, and the bibliographic details of a reference, or expansions on the text. Text footnotes should be numbered consecutively, starting with those on the title page.

Abstract and Keywords

The abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. The abstract should summarize the manuscript content in about 250-300 words. A list of keywords (3-10) and abbreviations should be included following the abstract.

Note: For research or any study/investigative type of manuscript, it is recommended that a structured abstract be included. Abbreviations should be accessible to a broad scientific audience.

Body Text

Authors can include the following subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript into introduction, materials, and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.

Describe the procedures in detail so that the work can be used for the purpose of further reference. Trade/brand names should be identified by an initial capital letter with the remainder of the name in lowercase. Names of suppliers of uncommon reagents or instruments should be provided along with the manufacturing location.


Openventio follows and recommends our authors use the AMA Style of referencing. The references can be cited from online or print published/in-press papers, part of an issue, complete special or theme issue, supplements, abstracts taken from sources, online or printed books, online or printed newspapers, websites, personal communication, audio tapes, videotapes, DVDs, theses or dissertation, package inserts, conference proceedings or presentations, software, government or agency bulletins, government reports. References should be cited numerically in accordance with their use in the text and should be included in the main manuscript file under the References section. It is also mandatory to cite all the tables and figures in the text.

Journal Reference

Piven EF. Increasing adherence to the diabetes regimen: An occupational therapy perspective. Diabetes Res Open J. 2014; 1(1): e1-e2.


• In case of more than 6 authors, provide the name of the first three authors followed by et al.

• If there is no author then start the references with the title.

• All the references should be arranged numerically and must match with those cited in the text.

Book References

i. Journal References Without Volume or Issue Numbers

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year: pp.


Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year; Vol(issue no.): pp-pp.

ii. Parts of an Issue

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, Author 4, Author 5, Author 6. . Journal short name. year; Vol(issue no, pt 3): pp-pp.

iii. Complete Special or Theme Issue

Robert J, Stacey RA, eds. Blindness. Ophthalmol. 2016; Vol(3, theme/special issue): pp-pp.

iv. Supplements

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year; Vol(issue)(suppl): pp-pp.

If supplement is numbered and without an issue number:

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year; Vol(suppl 4): pp-pp.

If supplement is numbered and there is an issue number:

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year; Vol(issue)(suppl 6): pp-pp.

If supplement has several parts:

Author1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . Journal short name. year; Vol(issue)(suppl 6B): 17S-21S.

v. Abstract taken from a Source

Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. . [abstract taken from Arch Ophthamol. 2004; 122(1):55-56]. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue): pp-pp.

vi. Manuscripts or Books Accepted but not yet Published

Journal article: Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, Author 4. . Journal short name. In press.


Book: Author. . Boston, MA, USA: Beacon Press. In press.

vii. Manuscript Submitted but not yet Accepted

These findings have recently been demonstrated (H. E. Mumanan, MD, unpublished data, January 2015).

viii. Personal Communication

In a conversation with H. E. Murman, MD (August 2005)…….

According to a letter from H.E. Murman, MD, in August 2005…….

Similar findings have been noted by Roberts and by H. E. Murman, MD (written communication, August 2003).

According to the manufacturer (H. R. Smith, oral communication, May 2004), the drug became available in Japan in January 2004.

ix. Audiotapes, Videotapes, DVDs (Digital video Disks)

Moyer B. On Our Own terms: Moyers on Dying [Videotape]. New York, NY, USA: Thirteen/WNET; 2000.

Ayers S. Terrorism: Medical Response [DVD]. Edgartown, MA, USA: Emergency Film Group; 2002.

Acland RD. Acland’s DVD Atlas of Human Anatomy [DVD], Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.

x. Theses and Dissertation

Fenster FD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation]. Birmingham, England: University of Alabama; 2000.

Undeman C. Fully automatic Segmentation of MRI Brain Images Using Probabilistic Diffusion and a Watershed Scale-Space Approach [master’s thesis]. Stockholm, Sweden: NADA, Royal Institute of Technology; 2001.

xi. Package Inserts

Cialis [package insert]. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Eli Lilly & Co.; 2003.

Z Stat Flu [package insert]. Oklahoma City, OK: ZymeTx Inc.; 2000.

xii. Online Conference Proceedings/Presentations

Chu H, Rosenthal M. Search engines for the World Wide Web: A comparative study and evaluation methodology. Paper presented at: American Society for Information Science 1996 Annual Conference; October 19-24, 1996; Baltimore, MD, USA. Accessed February 6, 2004.

Collins F. Talk, presented at: National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee; April, 2001; Bethesda, MD, USA. Accessed February 26, 2004.

Klausner R. Statement on fiscal year 2002 president’s budget request for the National Cancer Institute before the House Subcommittee on Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations. Accessed February 6, 2004.

Audio presentation:

Hormone replacement therapy [Morning Edition audio]. National Public radio. August 5, 2002. Accessed March 4, 2004.

xiii. Newspapers


Wolfe W. State’s mail-order drug plan launched. Minneapolis Star Tribune. May 14, 2004: 1B.

Overbye D. A philanthropist of science seeks to be its next Nobel. New York Times. April 9, 2005: D1, D4.


Weiss R. The promise of precision prescriptions. Washington Post. June 24, 2000: A1. Accessed October 24, 2011.

Perez-Pena R. Children in shelters hit hard by asthma.html. New York Times. Accessed March 2, 2004. Accessed March 2, 2004.

xiv. Websites

International Society for Infectious Diseases. ProMED-mail Web site. Accessed April 29, 2004.

Sullivan D. Major search engines and directories. SearchEngineWatch Website. http:// Updated April 28,2004. Accessed December 6, 2005.

Interim guidance about avian influenza A (H5N1) for US citizens living abroad. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Website. Updated November 18, 2005. Accessed December 6, 2005.

Sample size calculation. Grapentine co inc. Accessed December 6, 2005.

Recommendations for the care and maintenance of high intensity metal halide and mercury vapor lighting in schools. National Electrical Manufacturers Association. http://www.nema.oeg/stds/halide-schools.cfm#download. Accessed December 6, 2005.

Truth and reconciliation: examining human rights violations in South Africa’s health sector: submission to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission concerning the role of health professionals in gross violation of human rights. American Association of the Advancement of Science Web Site. Published 1997. Accessed April 30,2004.

xv. Software

Epi Info [computer program]. Version 3.2. Atlanta, GA, USA: Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 2004.

Intercooled STATA (for Windows) [computer program]. Version 7.0. College Station, TX, USA: StataCorp; 2000.

xvi. Government or Agency Bulletins

Same as a book reference

xvii. Government Reports

Same as the website reference

xviii. Entire Book

Modlin J, Jenkins P. Decision Analysis in Planning for a Polio Outbreak in the United States. San Francisco, CA, USA: Pediatric Academic Societies; 2004.


Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker; 2004: 585-606.

xix. Website Reference

World Health Organization Media Center. Diabetes Fact Sheet. Web site. 2013; Accessed February 21, 2014.

xx. Newspaper article (Online)

Pollack A. FDA approves new cystic fibrosis drug. New York Times. January 31, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2014.

xxi. Newspaper article (in print)

Wolf W. State’s mail-order drug plan launched. Minneapolis Star Tribune. May 14, 2004: 1B.


The table should have a simple design and should be self-explanatory. The details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of in the text. Authors are strongly recommended to submit the tables in .doc format. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, and provided with a heading and a legend. Each table should have a brief title above the table. Table footnotes should be provided below the table. Tables must be submitted as separate files, not embedded in the manuscript text. Publication-ready formats include Word and PDF.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. The preferred file formats for photographic images are .doc, TIFF, PNG and JPEG. If the images have been created with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text. Figures should be adjusted in size to fit within the column (80.5 mm), intermediate (112 mm), or full-text width (168 mm). Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration. Image files also must be cropped as close to the actual image as possible. Figure legends: These should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.


Figure legends should be provided separately from figures, after the references in the manuscript. Each legend should be a brief overview of the entire figure and must be explicitly referenced. Permission for publishing figures that are taken from other sources or are recognizable photographs of people, requires the permission of the concerned authorities. For previously published figures, permission to reprint must be obtained from the original copyright holder. Usually, this does not include the author(s), but the publisher. Authors (or their assistants) are required to provide these relevant details to the journal. A “patient’s consent to publication” must be signed by the patient or the patient’s legal guardian.

Note: All the figures and tables should be enclosed with the main file.

Manuscript Styling: AMA format

i. Punctuations

• Commas: Use commas to set off academic degrees, titles, dates: August 14, 1929, etc.

• Hyphens: Hyphenate a compound word that contains a noun and adverb or participle to make an adjective: e.g., decision-making methods. Hyphenate an adjective-noun compound when it falls before the noun it modifies: e.g., upper-class values. Hyphenate a compound adjectival phrase when it precedes the noun it modifies: e.g., end-to-end anastomosis.

• Ellipses: Can be used at the beginning or end of a passage to refer to the material omitted before or after the section.

ii. Capitalization

• Capitalize terms when they refer to specific things such as the East Coast or the Congressional Budget Office. When these terms are generalized, they are included in lowercase.

• Capitalize the title of a person when it comes before the name, but not if it comes after the name.

• In headers and titles, do not capitalize the second part of a hyphenated word if either part is a hyphenated suffix or prefix (e.g., Anti-infective Drugs).

iii. Numbers and Dates

• Numerals should be used to denote numbers: Exceptions being numbers in the beginning of a sentence, title, and common fractions; accepted uses include idiomatic expressions and numbers as pronouns.

• Dates: Full dates when written in the text or in references are written “August 21, 2001.”

• Numerals and words are combined by large rounded numbers: For example: “About 5 million people were affected by the famine.”

• Common fractions are usually written as words. A hyphen is inserted in a fraction only when it is used as an adjective: e.g., “a two-thirds majority.”

iv. Terminology

• Drugs: Use non-proprietary names of drugs, devices, and other products, unless the specific trade name of a drug is directly relevant to the discussion.

• Microorganisms other than viruses: The names of the taxa from the kingdom through the family are set in roman type. The names of taxa at the level of the genus and the below divisions (including subgenus, species, and subspecies) are represented in italics. The names of all taxa down through the genus are written with an initial capital letter, and any may be used alone.

v. Abbreviations/Acronyms

• Acronyms should be written out on first use in the text followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Subsequently in the text, only the abbreviation is used.

• Clinical and technical terms may have acronyms that are unfamiliar or difficult to remember. Unless these are used more than five times in a manuscript or are very unwieldy in full expression, they should be written out at each mention.

• Avoid introducing an abbreviation in a subheading. Instead, write the term out and repeat it in the text that follows to introduce the acronym.

• Write the plural form of an acronym without an apostrophe. For example, write “the Master of Business Administration (MBA) program is popular because MBAs command high starting salaries.”

• Names of states, territories, and possessions should be spelled out in full when they are used alone. When the name of the same state follows the name of the city, the abbreviation should be used, without periods (e.g., New York, NY). Use postal codes for states only when using ZIP codes.

• Latin abbreviations such as etc, e.g., et al., and i.e. should be used only in references or citations.

• Months are generally not abbreviated.

• Based on American National Standard for Information Sciences-Abbreviation of Titles of Publication, certain words may be abbreviated in titles. Refer to the following list for more details:















• States are spelled out when used alone but abbreviated when used with cities.

vi. Units of Measure

• Use quantitative values in the International System of Units.

• Units are written in lowercase (kilogram), except for Celsius. Abbreviations are generally written in lowercase, but there are exceptions noted in the chapter.

• Use exponents (m2) rather than abbreviations cu and sq.

• SI units are not expressed in plural form but retain the same expression for plurals.

• Drug doses are expressed in conventional metric mass units (milligrams).

vii. Quotations

• Quotations must be placed within quotation marks and must include a citation referring the reader to the source document. As a matter of form, quotations should be integrated into the flow of the text.

• Longer quotations, quotes requiring more than 4 typewritten lines in the text, are formatted as block quotes. These are formatted in a reduced type or font.

• Closing quotation marks are placed outside commas and periods, but inside colons and semicolons. If question marks, dashes, and exclamation marks are a part of the quoted text, they should be placed within the quotation marks.

• Use ellipses to indicate an omission in the quoted material.

• Quotations marks are not used around block quotes, but the block is usually set off from the text by additional spacing above and below the block

• Obvious typical errors in a quotation are usually corrected without making a special notation. Use [sic] to note an unusual word choice, concept, term, or spelling to emphasize that the original word is being quoted faithfully.

viii. Citations

• Items are listed numerically in the order of citation within the text.

• Within the text, citations use superscript Arabic numbers that are placed outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons.

• When using the authors’ names in the text, only the surname is to be used. Both names should be used if there are two authors. If there are more than two authors, the first author name and “et al.” must be used (Example: Doe et al. reported on the survey.)

• Medical journals: In reference listings, the names of the journals are to be abbreviated according to the US National Library of Medicine’s current Index Medicus.”(p. 297)



“First authors name*” along with their appropriate academic credentials must be added; separated by a semi-colon “;” which should follow the names and credentials of each of the co-authors.


Start with the Department, University/institution/organization, postal address, state, zip code, and country.

Note: For different affiliations of the authors, please represent the numbers as superscripts complementing the authors’ names in the author’s section.

Corresponding author details

Complete information of the corresponding author such as full name, academic degree(s), designation, department, university/organization/institution, postal address, city/counties/provinces/state, zip code, country, telephone, fax, and e-mail should be provided.


Article submissions can be done via email at or through our online submission portal.


Corrections from authors in already published articles will be published with a note of correction, along with the corrected date.